Bioethanol blends like ED95 and E100 can be used to substitute diesel and petrol in buses and trucks. BEST has demonstrated 138 bioethanol buses in traffic at five sites – three in Europe, one in Brazil and one in China
The experience shows:
Bioethanol buses can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and local air pollution.
Bioethanol buses are reliable and appreciated by drivers and passengers.
Bioethanol buses cost more to purchase and operate than diesel buses.
Bioethanol buses require more scheduled maintenance than diesel buses.
Taxing fuel by volume instead of energy content penalises bioethanol buses.
ED95 can be safely handled at depots and has potential for wider use in heavy vehicles such as trucks.
Using bioethanol buses is one way to implement the Clean Vehicles Directive, but municipalities must help Public Transport Authorities (PTAs) and operators to spread investment risks.