Studies and demonstration of E5 and E10
Low blend of ethanol in petrol has been studied in a production perspective (Rotterdam) as well as market studies (Somerset). Demonstration of E10 has been done in three sites with slightly different approaches: step-wise introduction (Rotterdam) or flexi-pumps (Basque Country).
Studies and demonstration of E-Diesel
BEST tested two types of diesel low blends – E-diesel and ED-diesel. E-diesel demonstrated a greater effect on emissions, but has a very low flashpoint and must be handled like petrol, i.e. it is more difficult to handle than standard diesel. ED-diesel has a slightly lower flashpoint than diesel, but can still be handled as such, and the same equipment and infrastructure as for standard diesel can be used. BEST conducted extensive on-road testing of ED-diesel in captive fleets and can recommend its further use in a wider context. A standard for the use of bioethanol and derivatives for low blends in diesel is urgently required.